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Bedside Echocardiography

Jamie Pfaff


Finding an Ultrasound

  • MICU: radiology room behind charge nurse’s desk in middle hallway
  • VA ICU: In front of resident workspace
  • 8N: Behind nurses station before entering cleaning supply room
  • 8S: In supply closet to left as your walk toward nursing station - (door code is 1-3-5)
  • 6MCE: COVID restricted (ask nurses)
  • CCU/5N only: supply room on left as entering CCU
  • Round wing: 5th floor, ask nurses

TTE Standard Views

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Parasternal long

  • Probe position: Rotate probe 180 degrees with right edge of probe/probe marker pointing toward patient’s left shoulder
  • Make sure probe is centered over mitral valve (In right spot if you can see MV and AV)

    • Distance separating the anterior MV leaflet from the septal wall as measure of LV systolic function (easy evaluation of systolic function)
    • Place M mode spike at tip of mitral leaflet and hit M mode (perpendicular to septum)
    • Identify E point (passive filling of LV) and determine distance from interventricular septum (IVS)
      • <7mm = Normal
      • 10mm = HF

    • Confounders that elevate EPSS: AR, MS

Parasternal short

  • Probe position: Rotate probe 180 degrees with right edge of probe/probe marker pointing toward patient’s left shoulder
  • Good position to assess EF by visualizing wall thickening

Apical four chamber

  • Probe position: Slide down and look near patient’s left nipple (or in the intermammary fold after lifting up breast tissue if needed - at PMI if able to palpate)
  • Good to assess EF by visualizing cardiac shortening

Subxiphoid

  • Probe position: Push probe head into patient’s abdomen just below xiphoid and flatten probe to make nearly parallel to patient’s position, marker to pt’s left
  • Troubleshooting: shift probe slightly left of midline (toward patient’s right) and angle toward heart/right to use liver as acoustic window or ask patient to take big breath (moves heart closer to probe)
  • Best window to visualize pericardial effusion

IVC

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  • Probe position: subxiphoid area with probe marker facing toward patient’s head tilted slightly left of midline, trace IVC into RA to verify correct vessel (vs aorta)
  • IVC size and collapsibility used as a surrogate for CVP and RAP
    • <2.1 cm and >50% collapse: RAP ~3mmHg
    • <2.1 cm and < 50% collapse or >2.1cm and >50% collapse: RAP ~8mmHg
    • 2.1cm, <50% collapse: RAP ~ >15mmHg

Resources


Last update: 2022-06-29 05:35:08